Xandla xa Xipikara, Vaholobye na Swandla swa Vaholobye, Swirho swa Palamende, swirho swo xiximeka, munhu a nga ka a nga sunguli hi ku vulavula hi dyondzo yo yisa emahlweni na ndzetelo hi ku hambanyisa leswi languteriweke eka sekitara leyi na mayelana na ku humesa swikili leswi faneleke na vatirhi lava nga na vuswikoti eka tiko ra hina.
Ndzi lava ku tshikelela leswaku tikholichi i mihlangano ya nkoka leyi humesaka swikili swa le hansi na le xikarhi. Ti humesa swikili swo tala swa nkoka no kongoma leswi lavekaka ku kurisa ikhonomi ya hina ni ku tumbuluxa mitirho. Hikokwalaho, swi na nkoka leswaku hi va na nhlangano lowu nga enawini, lowu tiyimiseleke, lowu nga ta landzelerisa ni ku angamela sekitara leyi.
Xinawana xa 1(d) xa Nawumbisi xi lava leswaku Holobye a tumbuluxa nhlangano wa ndzetelo wa mitirho ya mavoko na dyondzo na ndzetelo swo yisa emahlweni eAfrika-Dzonga.
Nhlangano wa Dyondzo ya mitirho ya movoko na ndzetelo swo yisa emahlweni yi fana yi ri yoxe eAfrika-Dzonga. Germany, tanihi rin'wana ra matiko lama rhangeke emahlweni eka xiyenge xa dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na xithekiniki, ri na leswi vuriwaka Nhlangano wa Federali wa Dyondzo ya Mitirho ya Mavoko na Ndzetelo leswi sunguriweke hi 1970. Ku humelela ka dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na ndzetelo ya le Germany swi vekiwa eka ndzavisiso wa xiyimo xa le henhla xa mitirho ya mavoko xa nhlangano. Nhlangano wu tirha ku vona mitlhonthlo leyi ya ha taka eka dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko, yi hlohlotela vutumbuluxi eka tisisiteme ta le tikweni na matiko ya misava na ku tumbuluxa switshunxo swintshwa leswi tirhisekaka eka dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na ndzetelo swa masungulo no yisa emahlweni.
Nhlangano wu swi kotile ku lawula ni ku vona swilaveko swa swikili swa mundzuku hi ku hatla va xopaxopa. Hi ku endla tano mihlangano ya dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na ndzetelo ya swi kota ku nyika swikili swo kongoma no laveka emitirhweni.
I ntiyiso leswaku sekitara ya hina ya dyondzo yo yisa emahlweni na ndzetelo[further education and training], FET, yi tsanile hikuva khale a yi nga tekeriwi enhlokweni. Minongonoko ya hina hi xitalo, ngopfungopfu ya national technical education, Nated, yi hundzeriwile hi nkarhi. Leyi yi nga kongoma a yi kona, xikombiso swikili eka ikhonomi leyi hlayisaka mbangu na indhasitiri ya timhaka ta swa lwandle hi swin'wana ndzi nga swi boxaka.
Ku na mitlhontlho hi kharikhulamu hikokwalaho ku na ku feyila ni ku vuyelela hi xitalo, xiyimo xa le hansi xa vuleteri, ku fambelana ko tsana exikarhi ka tikholichi na le ntirhweni, ku fambelana ka FET eka tiyunivhesiti na mitlhontlho leyi fambelanaka na vufambisi.
Hi tlhela hi tikeriwa hi mhaka ya nkunguhato wa swikili hikuva a hi si kota ku vona mavangwa ya swikili swa mundzuku, hikokwalaho hi humesa mathwasana lawa ma nga kotiki ku kuma mitirho. Ku lava hi va na nhlangano lowu tiyimiseleke, lowu nga ta kambela nkoka wa ku nyikiwa ka dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na ku nghenelela ka ha ri na nkarhi. Wu fanele wu va nhlangano lowu nga ta langutisisa minongonoko ya dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na xithekiniki na ndzetelo nkarhi na nkarhi ku fikelela swilaveko swa mitirho.
Nhlangano wu ta va wa xiphurofexinali lowu vumbiweke hi swirho leswi nga na vuswikoti eka xiyenge xa dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na ndzetelo. Wu ta va vuxikarhi bya xiyimo xa le henhla eka ndzavisiso na vutumbuluxi eka sekitara ya FET. Nakambe wu ta tlhela wu hluvukisa vuswikoti na ku antswisa swikili swa vadyondzisi eka dyondzo ya mitirho ya mavoko na ndzetelo.
Ku languteriwa leswaku nhlangano wu ta tirhisana na mihlangano leyi nga kona ya ndzavisiso ku sivela ku endla mitirho leyi fanaka. Vaswirhundzu na vamatlhari, hi ndhundhuzela ndzawulo eka goza lerikulu leri yi ri tekeke ku tumbuluxa nhlangano lowu. (Translation of Xitsonga paragraphs follows.)
[Mr Z S MAKHUBELE: Deputy Speaker, Ministers and Deputy Ministers, Members of Parliament, hon members, a person cannot begin talking about further education and training, FET, without referring to the expectation of this sector with regard to developing and producing relevant skills and workers who have the abilities for our country.
I would like to emphasise that our colleges are important institutions that produce low- and medium-level skills. They produce many critical and relevant skills which are required to grow our economy and to create jobs. Therefore, it is important that we have a recognised institute that will monitor and oversee this sector.
Subsection 1(d) of the Bill requires of the Minister to establish the SA Institute for Vocational and Continuing Education and Training.
The SA Institute for Vocational and Continuing Education and Training will be the first of its kind in South Africa. Germany, as one of the leading nations in vocational and technical education, has the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, which was established in 1970. The success of vocational education and training in Germany is based on high quality vocational research. The institute looks into the anticipated challenges of vocational education and training, stimulates innovation in national and international vocational systems, and develops new, practically oriented solutions for both basic and advanced vocational education and training.
The institute was able to monitor and identify the requirements for future skills through immediate review. By doing so, the institutes for vocational education and training are able to provide relevant and requisite skills for employment.
It is correct that our further education and training, FET, sector is weak because in the past it was not taken into consideration. Most of our programmes, particularly the national technical education, Nated, are outdated. There was none that was relevant. For example, skills in the green economy and maritime industry are but a few that I can mention.
There are challenges with regard to the curriculum, which leads to failure and repetition, a lower standard of training, weak correlation between colleges and employment, correlation of FET with universities, and administrative challenges.
The other challenge that we have is skills planning because we have not yet been able to identify future skills gaps; therefore we produce graduates who cannot find employment. We should have a committed institute that will monitor the importance of providing vocational education and will intervene in time. This institute must be an institute that will review programmes of vocational and technical education and training time and again to attain the needs required for work.
The institute will be a professional organisation consisting of members who have capabilities in the area of vocational education and training. It will be the centre of excellence for advanced research and innovation in the FET sector. In addition, it will develop the abilities and skills of the teachers in vocational education and training.
It is expected that this institute will co-operate with other existing research institutes to avoid duplication of work. Ladies and gentleman, we applaud the department for the giant step that it has taken to establish this institute.]
What we are saying is that it is not unique for South Africa to have such an institute. I heard hon Bhanga saying that it was like we are giving the Minister all the powers, and that perhaps informed the fact that he is against the institute! He must do further research and he'll understand that it is not just we as a country who are going to be establishing such an institute. Germany, the leading country on issues of vocational education and training, started the same type of institute in 1970.
And it has proved that it works, because there is professional advice in the sector and you are able to ensure that training institutions and the industry co-operate and say what is needed, which happens to be the upgrading of the skills of those who are being trained, in skills that are needed by the industry. We want to have the same thing done in our own country, so that we don't have graduates who cannot be absorbed because they are still focused on outdated programmes and skills.
I thank you. [Applause.]