The Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME) briefed the Portfolio Committee on Health on the performance outcomes of the Department of Health against the objectives of the 2030 National Development Plan on 17 April 2018. According to DPME, empirical evidence suggests that on the whole, the health status of South Africans measured through key health indicators, continues to improve:
Total life expectancy (LE) at birth has increased from 59.6 in 2009 to 62.5 years in 2014 and to 64 years in 2017
Female LE improved from 58.7 years in 2009 to 66.7 years in 2017
Infant mortality rate improved from a baseline of 42.8 deaths per 1000 live births in 2009 to 36.6 deaths in 2014,to 32.8 deaths in 2017
Under-5 mortality rate improved from a baseline of 63.3 deaths per 1000 live births in 2009 to 42.4 deaths by 2017
Although the report also showed that access to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) for people living with HIV increased by 27.5% since 2014 to just over 4 million people in 2017, an alarming behavioural trend in a 2016 survey showed that only 58% of men and 65% of women who had multiple partners said they used a condom during their last sexual encounter.